Bhutan Travel Guide

Official Name The Kingdom of Bhutan
Head of State The Druk Gyalpo (King of Druk Yul)
Head of Government H.E. the Prime Minister, Lyonchen Jigmi Y. Thinley
Flag Bhutan National Flag The national flag of Bhutan consists of a white dragon over a yellow and orange background. The flag is divided diagonally from the lower hoist side corner, making two triangles. The upper triangle is yellow and the lower triangle is orange. The dragon is centered along the dividing line, facing away from the hoist side.
Area 38,394 sq. km
Location Longitude: 90.433601° East
Latitude: 27.514162° North
Situated in South Asia, Bhutan is tucked away in the folds of the mighty Eastern Himalayas. It is a land locked country surrounded by on three sides by Indian states - Arunachal Pradesh in the east, Assam and West Bengal in the south and Sikkim in the West. The Tibetan autonomous region of China is in the North.
Topography Bhutan is a mountainous country of extremely high altitudes and irregular, often precipitous terrain, which may vary in elevation by several thousand feet within a short distance. Elevation generally increases from south to north. The mountains are a series of parallel north-south ranges. The loftiest peaks, found in the Himalayan chain that stretches along the northern border, include Kula Kangri (7,554 m/24,783 ft) and Chomo Lhari (7,314 m/23,997 ft). Great spurs extend south from the main chain along the eastern and western borders. In the rest of the country are mainly ranges of steep hills separated by narrow valleys. Bhutan is drained by many rivers flowing south between these ranges and for the most part ultimately emptying into the Brahmaputra River in India.
Climate

Bhutan is at the same latitude as Miami and Cairo. The climate varies widely depending on the elevation. In the southern border areas it is tropical; at the other extreme, in the high Himalayan regions, there is perpetual snow. Temperatures in the far south range from 15°C in winter (December to February) to 30°C in summer (June to August). In Paro the range is from -5°C in January to 30°C in July, with 800mm of rain. In the high mountain regions the average temperature is 0°C in winter and may reach 10°C in summer, with an average of 350mm of rain.

 

Rain occurs primarily during the southwest monsoon season from June to September. Bhutan bears the brunt of the monsoon, receiving more rainfall than other Himalayan regions – up to 5.5m a year. During the monsoon, heavy rain falls almost every night; in the day there may be long periods without rain. Low clouds hang on the hills, obscuring views and, if they are too low, forcing the cancellation of flights at Paro airport.

Capital City Thimphu is a district of Bhutan. It is also the capital of Bhutan and the largest city in the whole Kingdom. Thimphu Dzongkhag is located in the western part of the country. It shares boundaries with Gasa, Punakha & Wangduephodrang Dzongkhags in the east, Chukha & Dagana in the south, Paro Dzongkhag in the west. In the north, it borders the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China.
Total Population The Population; total in Bhutan was last reported at 738267 in 2011, according to a World Bank report published in 2012.
Official Language Two most spoken languages of Bhutan are Dzongkha and Nepali. Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan, is spoken in most parts of Bhutan, while Nepal is mainly used by the people of southern region
Religion About 75% of the Bhutanese practice Buddhism and about 25% practice Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism.
Society Society was traditionally divided into the zhung (monarchy and bureaucracy), dra-tshang (religious community), and mi-sey (people). There has been no caste system in Bhutanese society, but class differences exisited in the form of categorisation by profession.
Currency Bhutanese currency is Ngultrum (Nu.) and is officially pegged to the Indian Rupee. Also Indian Rupee is acceptable all over Bhutan except Rs 500 and Rs 1000 currency notes.
Time: Bhutan utilises no daylight saving time and the standard time of GMT/UTC + 6h is observed through out the year.
Religion: Around 75 percent of the Bhutanese are Buddhist. Another 22 percent are Hindus, whose religion is the only other officially recognized one. Christians make up less than 2 percent of the people and 1% others
People: The central Himalayan region is the home of the Drukpa people, who are of Mongoloid origin. Southern Bhutan is inhabited mainly by Nepalese farmers who arrived in the country at the end of the 19th century. The Northern Himalayan Zone, over 3,000 meters (9,000 feet), is the haunt of semi nomadic yak herdsmen.
Electricity: Electricity in Bhutan is 230 Volts, alternating at 50 cycles per second. If you travel to Bhutan with a device that does not accept 230 Volts at 50 Hertz, you will need a voltage converter.
Flora and Fauna: Physically, Bhutan can be divided into three zones: Alpine Zone (4000m and above) with no forest cover; the Temperate Zone (2000 to 4000m) with conifer or broadleaf forests; and the Subtropical Zone (150m to 2000m) with Tropical or Subtropical vegetation. Because of its wide altitudinal and climatic range, the flora and fauna is diverse and rich.
World Heritage Sites: Bhutan currently has no sites on the World Heritage List. Bhutan on March, 8th 2012 nominated eight sites to be listed under the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage List. The sites include two national parks, two wildlife sanctuaries and four cultural heritages of Bhutan. Ironically, the Wangduephodrang Dzong was on the list.
Bhutan National Parks: Total of 4 National Parks in Bhutan. Jigme Dorji National Park, Royal Manas National Park, Black Mountains National Park, Thrumshing La National Park.
Conservation & Wildlife Reserve: Total of 4 Wildlife reserve in Bhutan.Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary, Bomdeling Wildlife Sanctuary, Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary, Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary and only one Nature reserves( Torsa Strict Nature Reserve)
Shopping and Souvenir Products: Shopping in Bhutan is unlike anywhere else due to its unique handicrafts. Most goods on sale are likely to be hand-produced and therefore one-off finds. Everything can be bought here from carpets to jewellery made from turquoise, silver and semi-precious stones, bamboo bowls, colourful masks, silver gifts, wooden products, textiles and handmade paper.
Public Holidays: Closed on Saturdays, Sundays
Visa Regulations: The visa application form needs to be completed and sent to us at least two weeks prior to date of travel. The ministry of foreign affairs takes a week to process the visa. Every travelers must possess a visa for Bhutan which is  usually  granted for 14 days. Later on the visa can be extended in Thimpu for up to six months While the actual visa is stamped on arrival in Bhutan, visitors need to obtain visa clearance from the Tourism Authority of Bhutan (TAB) in advance.(which we will obtain for you).

 

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