Nepal - Country Facts

Official Name Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Head of State Rt. Hon'ble Bidhya Devi Bhandari, President
Head of Government Rt. Hon'ble Pushpa Kamal Dahal ( Prachanda ), Prime Minister
Flag Nepal The national flag of Nepal is the only national flag which is not rectangular in shape. The flag is crimson with blue boarder. The flag is based upon two separate emblems the moon and the sun. Moon and Sun express the hope that the Nation shall live long as these heavenly bodies.
Area 147,181 Sq. Km.
Location Longitude: 26° 22' to 30° 27' North
Latitude: 80° 4' to 88° 12" East
Situated in South Asia, Nepal joins her northern border with the People's Republic of China and eastern, southern and western borders with the Republic of India. Nepal is a land-locked country.
Topography Geographically, the country is divided into three regions:
Mountain: the northern range (Himalaya) is covered with snow over the year where the highest peak of the world, the Mount Everest, stands.
Hill: The middle range is captured by gorgeous mountains, high peaks, hills, valleys and lakes.
Terai: The Southern range is the gangactic plain of alluvial soil and consist of dense forest area, national parks, wildlife reserves and conservation areas.
Climate The hill, mid-hills and particularly the Kathmandu valleys are pleasant with warm summers and cool winters. Temperature ranges between maximum of 40 and minimum of 6 degree Celsius in the plains, 28 and 2 degree Celsius in Kathmandu valley and 16 and 6 degree Celsius in the mountains. The rainy season lasts from June to August.
Capital City Kathmandu, a historical and cultural city located at Kathmandu Valley covering an area of 1,348m.above sea level.
Total Population 27 million (approx.) with growth rate of 1.4 % and average life expectancy of 60.8 years
Official Language Nepali (with numerous national languages and dialects spoken in the country). English is widely spoken in the capital and other urban and tourist areas
Religion Secular State; Hinduism and Buddhism are two major religions practiced in Nepal with a majority of the people being Hindus. The other religions practiced in Nepal are Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism and Bon.
Society Nepal is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual society with more than 100 ethnic groups who speak about 93 different languages and dialects.
Currency Nepalese Rupee (Rs.1) = USD 100 (approx.)
Time: GMT plus five hours 45 minutes : 5:45. Nepal is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian standard time.
Religion: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (Updated 2012)
People: Brahmins, Chhetris, Newars, Tibetans, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Bhotias, Rais, Limbus, Sherpas
Electricity: 220V, 50 Hz. Voltage available is 240-220 volts AC & 50 cycles throughout the country.
Flora and Fauna: Nepal has it all – tropical, temperate and alpine flora and fauna
World Heritage Sites: Total of 10 world heritage sites declared by UNESCO in Nepal.
Nepal National Parks: Total of 10 National Parks in Nepal.
Conservation & Wildlife Reserve: 3 Wildlife Reserves and 6 Conservation Areas in Nepal
Shopping and Souvenir Products: Handmade, traditional rice paper, thangkas, pashmina, jems and jewellery, stone, metal statues, gurkhas khukuri, silver craft, insense, paintings
Public Holidays: Saturday is the official weekly holiday in Nepal, Remains open Sunday through to Friday
Visa Regulations: Nepal Multiple entry 15 days visa fee US$ 30 (valid for 15 days). After 15 days 2 US Dollar per days (extension of the tourist visa, the fees chargeable for 15 days shall be levied if the period is less than 15 days in every extension).


Best Nepal Treks

01. Everest Base Camp Trek Everest Base Camp Trek is a famous challenging trek in Nepal.
02. Annapurna Base Camp Trek
The Annapurna base camp trek is the perfect introduction to Himalayan trekking.
03. Langtang Valley Trek.
Langtang valley trekking is the one of the most popular trekking routes in Nepal.
04. Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek.
Ghorepani Poon Hill trekking is one of the popular and short & Sweet trekking in Nepal.
05. Everest View Trek.
Everest View Trek takes you around the Everest region, which has recently witnessed...
06. Ganesh Himal Trek.
Ganesh Himal Trek is surprisingly not frequented by many tourists.
07. Tiji Festival Trek.
Tiji festival, known as "The chasing of the Demons" Tiji tells the story of a deity named...

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