History and Geography of Nepal

Nepal's Geography.


Nepal is the most beautiful and stunning Himalayan country in the world. Though small in size, it is known in the world as a nation of color and contrasts-a hidden Shangri-La of nature, culture and adventure. In the countryside the way of life is still traditional, nature is at its best, high mountains and lush valleys are ideal places for trekking and mountaineering, flora and fauna invites a nature lover for a rendezvous with them. Nepal is rich with traditions of art and culture. Nepal is a landlocked country lying between 800 4'- 800 12' east longitude and 260 22'- 300 4' north latitude. The total area comprises 147181 sq. km. Nepal is bordered by the Tibet, an Autonomous Region of China, to the north and India in the east, south and west. The country is rectangular in shape, approximately 885 km long boarded by Mechi River in east and Mahakali River in west and roughly 200 km tall north to south.


Nepal is divided into three geographical regions known as, Himalayan region, Mountain Region and the Terai Region. In the north it straddles the hills and mountains between the enormous Ganges plain and high Tibetan plateau. The Himalayan range content close to the one third of the entire greater Himalaya range including 8 of the world’s 10 highest mountain. There are about 1300 other peaks well above 6000 meters high resting in this region. In the south a narrow strip of flat land known as Terai exist bordered by Siwalik Hill and Mahabharat Range. Between are boarded valleys, the inner Terai which were once infested with deadly malaria but this area is now a rapidly developing area since DDT was spread to eradicate Malaria. The Terai region is also known and fertile bread basket of Nepal. Between Himalayas and Terai the Mountain region covers 64% of total surface area of Nepal.


Nepal's History.


Nepal has always been an independent and sovereign county with glorious history, culture and tradition that date back to time immemorial. Before the campaign for national integration was launched by Kind Prithivi Narayan Shah the Great, Kathmandu Valley was ruled by the Malla Kings, whose contributions to art and culture are indeed great and unique. In 1768 A.D, the Shah dynasty ascended the throne of unified Nepal. After Prithivi Narayan Shah ascended the throne of Gorkha events in the history took a different turn. He conquered various warring principalities and laid the foundation of the Modern Nepal. After Prithivi Narayan Shah, the campaign of unification was given continuity by his younger son Bahadur Shah and was launched once again by the Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa, “The 1st Prime Minister of Nepal”. However, the expansion came to a halt when Nepal came into conflict with British India Company and signed the treaty of Sugauli in March 1816 AD.Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa Another crucial chapter of history began after the emergence of Janga Bahadur Rana to power in 1846 AD. He established himself as the most powerful Prime Minster of the country or as a “de-facto ruler and made the prime Minister ship as hereditary. The revolution of 1950 brought an end to the autocratic Rana regime and democratic system was introduced. Multiparty parliamentary system was practiced for some years but the system came to an end when King Mahendra imposed party less Panchayat system in 1960 AD.


The democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi-party democratic constitution in the country on 9th November 1990. Now Nepal is a stalwart of global peace and disbarments. Nepal is a member of the UNO and the founder members of South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC). The entire family of King Birendra was massacred in June 2001 popularly Known and Royal Massacre 2001.Prince Dipendra was crowned as King while on coma later he took his last breath lying in hospital bed. Gyanendra Shah late King Birendra’s brother was coroneted as the King of Nepal. In 2006, a decade-long People's Revolution by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) along with several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties of Nepal signed a peace accord, dethroned King Gyanendra Shah and established Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.


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